Plant Selector

Use this tool to help choose the best native plants for your particular situation. Choose as many of the criteria as you want from the fields below and the plants matching your needs will be chosen from the total list.

   

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USDA Plant Tool
Xerces Society Plant Lists By Region

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Plant Name Type Sun Exposure Soil Moisture Height Color Blooms State
Allegheny Serviceberry
Amelanchier laevis
Tree/Shrub Full sun to partial shade Dry 30 Feet White April to May Minnesota
Alumroot
Heuchera richardsonii
Flower/Forb Full sun to full shade Dry 6 Inches Green May to June Minnesota
American High-Bush Cranberry
Viburnum trilobum
Tree/Shrub Full sun to partial shade Dry 16 Feet White May to June Minnesota
American Lotus
Nelumbo lutea
Flower/Forb Full sun to partial shade Dry 6 Inches Yellow July to September Minnesota
American Plum
Prunus americana
Tree/Shrub Full sun only Medium 20 Feet Pink May to May Minnesota
Angelica
Angelica atropurpurea
Flower/Forb Full sun to partial shade Medium 7 Feet White May to June Minnesota
Aromatic Aster
Aster oblongifolius
Flower/Forb Full sun to partial shade Dry 18 Inches Purple September to October Minnesota
Arrowhead
Sagittaria latifolia
Flower/Forb Full sun to partial shade Medium 42 Inches White July to August Minnesota
Azure Sky (Blue) Aster
Aster oolentangiensis
Flower/Forb Full sun to partial shade Dry 4 Feet Blue September to October Minnesota
Balsam Fir
Abies balsamea
Tree/Shrub Shade to partial sun Medium 60 Feet Minnesota
Beach Wormwood
Artemisia caudata
Flower/Forb Full sun only Dry 2 Feet Minnesota
Bebb Willow
Salix bebbiana
Tree/Shrub Full sun only Medium 20 Feet Minnesota
Bebbs Sedge
Carex bebbii
Grass Full sun only Medium 12 Inches May to June Minnesota
Big Bluestem
Andropogon gerardii
Grass Full sun to partial shade Dry 6 Feet July to September Minnesota
Bird's Foot Violet
Viola pedata
Flower/Forb Full sun only Dry 6 Inches Purple May to June Minnesota
Black Ash
Fraxinus nigra
Tree/Shrub Full sun only Medium 90 Feet Minnesota
Black Cherry
Prunus serotina
Tree/Shrub Full sun to full shade Dry 60 Feet Minnesota
Black Chokeberry
Aronia melanocarpa
Tree/Shrub Full sun to full shade Dry 6 Feet White May to June Minnesota
Black Spruce
Picea mariana
Tree/Shrub Full sun to full shade Medium 35 Feet Minnesota
Black-eyed Susan
Rudbeckia hirta
Flower/Forb Full sun to partial shade Dry 2 Feet Yellow June to September Minnesota
Bloodroot
Sanguinaria canadensis
Flower/Forb Shade to partial sun Dry 10 Inches White April to May Minnesota
Blue Cohosh
Caulophyllum thalictroides
Flower/Forb Shade to partial sun Dry 2 Feet Green April to May Minnesota
Blue Flag Iris
Iris versicolor
Flower/Forb Full sun to partial shade Medium 3 Feet Purple June to July Minnesota
Blue Grama
Bouteloua gracilis
Grass Full sun only Dry 12 Inches July to September Minnesota
Blue Lobelia
Lobelia siphilitica
Flower/Forb Full sun to partial shade Medium 3 Feet Blue April to May Minnesota
Blue Phlox
Phlox divaricata
Flower/Forb Shade to partial sun Medium 3 Feet Purple May to June Minnesota
Blue Vervain
Verbena hastata
Flower/Forb Full sun to partial shade Medium 42 Inches Purple July to September Minnesota
Blue Wood Aster
Symphyotrichum cordifolium
Flower/Forb Shade to partial sun Dry 3 Feet Blue September to October Minnesota
Blue-eyed Grass
Sisyrinchium campestre
Flower/Forb Full sun only Dry 6 Inches Blue May to June Minnesota
Blue-joint Grass
Calamagrostis canadensis
Grass Full sun only Medium 4 Feet August to September Minnesota
Boneset
Eupatorium perfoliatum
Flower/Forb Full sun to partial shade Medium 36 Inches White June to August Minnesota
Bottle Gentian
Gentiana andrewsii
Flower/Forb Full sun to partial shade Medium 24 Inches Blue August to October Minnesota
Bottlebrush Grass
Elymus hystrix
Grass Full sun to full shade Dry 48 Inches Green May to June Minnesota
Bottlebrush Sedge
Carex comosa
Grass Full sun to partial shade Wet 32 Inches Minnesota
Broadleaved Spring Beauty
Claytonia caroliniana
Flower/Forb Partial sun only Medium 4 Inches Pink May to May Minnesota
Bur Oak
Quercus macrocarpa
Tree/Shrub Shade to partial sun Dry 65 Feet Minnesota
Butterfly Weed
Asclepias tuberosa
Flower/Forb Full sun to partial shade Dry 24 Inches Orange June to August Minnesota
Buttonbush
Cephalanthus occidentalis
Tree/Shrub Full sun to partial shade Medium 12 Feet White June to August Minnesota
Canada Anemone
Anemone canadensis
Flower/Forb Full sun to partial shade Dry 12 Inches White May to July Minnesota
Canada Milkvetch
Astragalus canadensis
Flower/Forb Full sun to partial shade Dry 3 Feet White June to July Minnesota
Canada Violet
Viola candensis
Flower/Forb Shade to partial sun Medium 10 Inches White May to May Minnesota
Canada Wild Rye
Elymus canadensis
Grass Full sun to partial shade Dry 4 Feet August to October Minnesota
Cardinal Flower
Lobelia cardinalis
Flower/Forb Full sun to partial shade Medium 36 Inches Red April to May Minnesota
Chokecherry
Prunus virginiana
Flower/Forb Full sun only Dry 25 Feet White May to May Minnesota
Cinnamon Fern
Osmundo cinnamomea
Flower/Forb Shade only Medium 36 Inches Minnesota
Columbine
Aquilegia canadensis
Flower/Forb Full sun to partial shade Dry 3 Feet Red May to July Minnesota
Common Bur-Reed
Sparganium eurycarpum
Grass Full sun to partial shade Medium 6 Inches Minnesota
Common Milkweed
Asclepias syriaca
Flower/Forb Full sun only Dry 42 Inches Pink April to May Minnesota
Common Yarrow
Achillea millefolium
Flower/Forb Full sun only Dry 3 Feet White June to August Minnesota
Compass Plant
Silphium laciniatum
Flower/Forb Full sun only Dry 8 Feet Yellow July to August Minnesota
Coreopsis
Coreopsis palmata
Flower/Forb Full sun only Dry 20 Inches Yellow June to August Minnesota
Cotton Grass
Eriophorum angustifolium
Grass Full sun only Medium 24 Inches White May to June Minnesota
Cottonwood
Populus deltoides
Tree/Shrub Full sun to partial shade Dry 90 Feet Minnesota
Cream Gentian
Gentiana flavida
Flower/Forb Full sun to partial shade Dry 18 Inches White September to October Minnesota
Cream Wild Indigo
Baptisia bracteata
Flower/Forb Full sun only Dry 24 Inches White June to July Minnesota
Crooked-stemmed Aster
Aster prenanthoides
Flower/Forb Full sun to partial shade Medium 3 Feet Purple September to October Minnesota
Culvers Root
Veronicastrum virginicum
Flower/Forb Full sun to partial shade Medium 6 Feet White June to August Minnesota
Cup Plant
Silphium perfoliatum
Flower/Forb Full sun only Dry 6 Feet Yellow July to September Minnesota
Cylindric Blazingstar
Liatris cylindrica
Flower/Forb Full sun only Dry 18 Inches Purple August to October Minnesota
Dotted Blazingstar
Liatris punctata
Flower/Forb Full sun only Dry 24 Inches Purple August to October Minnesota
Dotted Mint - Spotted Bee Balm
Monarda punctata
Flower/Forb Full sun only Dry 3 Feet Purple July to September Minnesota
Downy Wood Mint
Blephilia ciliata
Flower/Forb Full sun to partial shade Dry 3 Feet Purple June to July Minnesota
Dutchman's Breeches
Dicentra cucullaria
Flower/Forb Shade only Medium 1 Inches White May to June Minnesota
Dwarf Bush Honeysuckle
Diervilla lonicera
Tree/Shrub Full sun to full shade Dry 4 Feet Yellow June to August Minnesota
Dwarf Crested Iris
Iris cristata
Flower/Forb Partial sun only Medium 12 Inches Purple May to June Minnesota
Early Wild Rose
Rosa blanda
Tree/Shrub Full sun only Dry 5 Feet Pink June to July Minnesota
Eastern Sand Cherry
Prunus pumila
Tree/Shrub Full sun to partial shade Dry 5 Feet White May to June Minnesota
Eastern Wahoo
Euonymus atropurpurea
Tree/Shrub Full sun to partial shade Dry 12 Feet Minnesota
Ebony Spleenwort
Asplenium platyneuron
Flower/Forb Shade to partial sun Dry 8 Inches Green April to May Minnesota
Edible Valerian
Valeriana edulis
Flower/Forb Full sun to partial shade Wet 1 to 4 feet White May to June Minnesota
Elderberry
Sambucus racemosa
Tree/Shrub Full sun to full shade Dry 12 Feet White April to June Minnesota
False Indigo
Amorpha fruticosa
Tree/Shrub Full sun to full shade Medium 12 Feet Purple May to June Minnesota
False Solomon's Seal
Smilacina racemosa
Flower/Forb Shade to partial sun Medium 3 Feet White May to July Minnesota
Fire Weed
Epilobium angustifolium
Flower/Forb Shade to partial sun Dry 4 Feet Pink July to August Minnesota
Flat Topped Aster
Doellingeria umbellata
Flower/Forb Full sun to partial shade Medium 4 Feet White August to September Minnesota
Flowering Spurge
Euphorbia corollata
Flower/Forb Full sun to partial shade Dry 3 Feet White July to August Minnesota
Fox Sedge
Carex vulpinoidea
Grass Full sun to partial shade Medium 24 Inches May to June Minnesota
Fragrant Hyssop
Agastache foeniculum
Flower/Forb Full sun to partial shade Dry 4 Feet Purple July to September Minnesota
Fringed Sedge
Carex lacustris
Grass Full sun to full shade Medium 3 Feet Minnesota
Giant Bur-reed
Sparganium eurycarpum
Grass Full sun to partial shade Wet 42 Inches Minnesota
Golden Alexander
Zizia aurea
Flower/Forb Full sun to partial shade Dry 3 Feet Yellow May to July Minnesota
Golden Aster
Chrysopsis camporum
Flower/Forb Full sun only Dry 3 Feet Yellow June to August Minnesota
Gray Goldenrod
Solidago nemoralis
Flower/Forb Full sun only Dry 18 Inches Yellow August to September Minnesota
Great St. Johnswort
Hypericum pyramidatum
Flower/Forb Full sun only Dry 6 Feet Yellow July to September Minnesota
Green Bulrush
Scirpus atrovirens
Grass Full sun only Wet 5 Feet Minnesota
Green Dragon
Arisaema dracontium
Flower/Forb Shade to partial sun Wet 3 Feet Green Minnesota
Green-headed Coneflower
Rudbeckia laciniata
Flower/Forb Full sun to partial shade Dry 6 Feet Yellow July to September Minnesota
Ground Plum
Astragalus crassicarpus
Flower/Forb Full sun to partial shade Dry 8 Inches Purple April to May Minnesota
Hackberry
Celtis occidentalis
Tree/Shrub Full sun to partial shade Dry 50 Feet Minnesota
Hairy Penstemon
Penstemon hirsutus
Flower/Forb Full sun only Dry 18 Inches Purple May to June Minnesota
Hairy Wood Mint
Blephilia hirsuta
Flower/Forb Full sun to partial shade Dry 3 Feet White June to July Minnesota
Hardstem Bulrush
Scirpus acutus
Grass Full sun to partial shade Wet 72 Inches Orange August to September Minnesota
Harebell
Campanula rotundifolia
Flower/Forb Full sun to partial shade Dry 12 Inches Purple June to September Minnesota
Hawthorn
Crataegus spp.
Tree/Shrub Shade to partial sun Dry 15 Feet White May to June Minnesota
Hay Scented Fern
Dennstasdtia punctilobula
Flower/Forb Shade to partial sun Medium 18 Inches Minnesota
Hazelnut
Corylus americana
Tree/Shrub Full sun to partial shade Dry 12 Feet Minnesota
Heart-leaved Golden Alexander
Zizia aptera
Flower/Forb Full sun only Dry 3 Feet Yellow May to June Minnesota
Heath Aster
Symphyotrichum ericoides
Flower/Forb Full sun to partial shade Dry 3 Feet White September to October Minnesota
Hoary Vervain
Verbena stricta
Flower/Forb Full sun only Dry 3 Feet Purple June to September Minnesota
Honeylocust
Gleditsia triacanthos
Tree/Shrub Full sun only Dry 50 Feet Green Minnesota
Hornbeam
Carpinus caroliniana
Tree/Shrub Shade only Dry 30 Feet Minnesota
Indian Grass
Sorghastrum nutans
Grass Full sun to partial shade Dry 5 Feet Green July to September Minnesota
Interrupted Fern
Osmunda claytoniana
Flower/Forb Shade to partial sun Medium 3 Feet Minnesota
Ironweed
Vernonia fasciculata
Flower/Forb Full sun only Medium 5 Feet Purple August to September Minnesota
Ironwood
Ostrya virginiana
Tree/Shrub Shade to partial sun Dry 30 Feet Minnesota
Jack in the Pulpit
Arisaema triphyllum
Flower/Forb Shade to partial sun Medium 24 Inches Green May to June Minnesota
Jacob's Ladder
Polemonium reptans
Flower/Forb Shade to partial sun Dry 18 Inches Blue May to June Minnesota
Joe-Pye Weed
Eupatorium maculatum
Flower/Forb Full sun to partial shade Medium 66 Inches Pink August to September Minnesota
June Grass
Koeleria macrantha
Grass Full sun only Dry 12 Inches Green May to July Minnesota
Juneberry
Amelanchier arborea
Tree/Shrub Full sun only Dry 15 Feet White May to May Minnesota
Kalm's Brome
Bromus kalmii
Grass Full sun only Dry 3 Feet Green July to September Minnesota
Lady Fern
Athyrium filix-femina
Flower/Forb Shade to partial sun Medium 24 Inches Minnesota
Lake Sedge
Carex lacustris
Grass Full sun to partial shade Medium June to September Minnesota
Large Flower Bellwort
Uvularia grandiflora
Flower/Forb Full sun only Medium 24 Inches Yellow May to May Minnesota
Large Leaved Aster
Aster macrophylum
Flower/Forb Shade to partial sun Dry 2 Feet White August to September Minnesota
Large-flowered Water Plantain
Alisma triviale
Flower/Forb Full sun only Medium 3 Feet White June to September Minnesota
Leadplant
Amorpha canescens
Flower/Forb Full sun to partial shade Dry 3 Feet Purple June to July Minnesota
Leatherwood
Dirca palustris
Flower/Forb Shade to partial sun Medium 6 Feet Yellow April to May Minnesota
Maryland sanicle
Sanicula marilandica
Flower/Forb Full sun to partial shade Medium Yellow Ohio
Mud Plantain
Heteranthera
Flower/Forb Shade to partial sun Wet Light Blue and Bright Green June to August Minnesota
New England aster
Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
Flower/Forb Full sun only Medium 3.00 to 6.00 feet Deep pink-purple August to September Missouri
Northern Pin Oak
Quercus ellipsoidalis
Tree/Shrub Full sun only Dry 70 Ft Green Minnesota
Northwest Territory sedge
Carex utriculata
Grass Full sun only Wet 1 - 3 feet June to August Alaska
Ohio buckeye
Aesculus glabra
Tree/Shrub Full sun to partial shade Medium 20 - 40 Feet Greenish-yellow April to May Missouri
Oklahoma grasspink
Calopogon oklahomensis
Flower/Forb Full sun to partial shade Medium 4 to 14 inches Deep Pink June to July Oklahoma
Quackgrass
Elymus repens
Grass Full sun only Dry 40–150 cm straw-colored June to August Ohio
quaking aspen
Populus tremula
Tree/Shrub Full sun to partial shade Dry 40-100 ft fall foliage color September to October Minnesota
Quebec hawthorn
Crataegus submollis
Tree/Shrub Full sun only Dry 7 meters tall Berries are red to blue-black June to September North Dakota
rabbitfoot clover
Trifolium arvense L.
Flower/Forb Full sun to partial shade Dry Plant: 4 to 16 inches Rosy white June to September Minnesota
rampion bellflower
Campanula rapunculoides L.
Flower/Forb Full sun only Dry 2-3 feet blue to blue-violet June to September Minnesota
Macoun's buttercup
Ranunculus macounii
Flower/Forb Full sun to partial shade Wet 1-2 Feet Yellow June to August Alaska
rattlesnake root
Prenanthes L.
Flower/Forb Full sun only Dry 1 to 5 feet pale pink to white August to September Minnesota
sand lovegrass
Eragrostis trichodes (Nutt.) Alph. Wood
Grass Full sun only Dry 2.5 to 4 feet Coppery orange - purple June to September Missouri
sandbar willow
Salix interior Rowlee
Tree/Shrub Full sun only Wet 5 to 10 feet. Greenish-yellow. August to September Alaska
Sandberg bluegrass
Poa secunda J. Presl
Grass Full sun to partial shade Dry 60 cm (24 in) reddish April to May Utah
tall false foxglove
Agalinis aspera (Douglas ex Benth.) Britton
Flower/Forb Full sun only Medium 2.0 feet pink-purple July to September Kansas
tall hairy agrimony
Agrimonia gryposepala Wallr.
Flower/Forb Full sun only Dry 1 to 5 feet yellow June to September Missouri
tall thimbleweed
Anemone virginiana L.
Flower/Forb Full sun to partial shade Dry 3 feet White , Green , Brown June to August Alabama
umbrella flatsedge
Cyperus diandrus Torr.
Grass Full sun only Wet 16 inches Straw-colored June to August Texas
upland bentgrass
Agrostis perennans (Walter) Tuck.
Grass Full sun only Wet 1' to 3 inch Green Bloom July to September Alaska
upright sedge
Carex stricta Lam
Grass Full sun only Dry inches to 3 feet green, to blue, to gold/orange June to September Pennsylvania
variableleaf pondweed
Potamogeton gramineus L.
Flower/Forb Full sun to partial shade Wet 20 - 60 cm brownish green Massachusetts
variegated scouringrush
Equisetum variegatum Schleich
Grass Full sun only Dry 6 to 18 soft green Minnesota
water minerslettuce
Montia chamissoi (Ledeb. ex Spreng.) Greene
Flower/Forb Full sun only Dry 1/2 inch of water White , Pink June to August California
water pygmyweed
Crassula aquatica (L.) Schoenl.
Flower/Forb Full sun to partial shade Dry 3.1 inches green, white June to September Minnesota
waterhorehound
Lycopus L.
Flower/Forb Full sun to partial shade Wet 6 to 30 inches white July to September Minnesota
yellow water buttercup
Ranunculus flabellaris Raf.
Flower/Forb Full sun to partial shade Wet 60-100cm yellow April to May Minnesota
yellow widelip orchid
Liparis loeselii (L.) Rich.
Flower/Forb Shade to partial sun Dry 4 to 30 cm green, yellow, white May to July Minnesota
yelloweyed grass
Lindernia dubia (L.) Pennell var. dubia
Flower/Forb Full sun to full shade Wet 2-16 inches White , Purple June to September Minnesota
zigzag goldenrod
Solidago flexicaulis L.
Flower/Forb Full sun to partial shade Dry 3 feet Yellow August to October Minnesota